Gallipoli and the Anzacs

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Special Features

  • Anzac – an Australian icon

    Using the name ‘Anzac’ feature

    The National Archives of Australia holds applications to use the word ‘Anzac’ or to copyright material associated with Gallipoli and the remembrance of the campaign. View applications Australians have made, from requests to name their children and homes ‘Anzac’ to using the word in songs, cards, designs and product names.
    View ‘Anzac’ images...

  • Exploring the Gallipoli landscape

    The Joint Historical and Archaeological Survey J H A S feature

    The Joint Historical Archaeological Survey (JHAS) including experts from Australia, New Zealand and Turkey has explored and mapped the current state of trenches and ridges, gullies and ravines in the landscape at Gallipoli for several years. Some of their interesting findings are outlined here.
    Read more about Gallipoli archaeology...

  • The minelayer that ‘changed the course of history’

    The full story of the Turkish minelayer ‘Nusret’

    On the night of 8 March 1915, the commander of the 1915 Turkish minelayer Nusret laid his mines across Erenköy Bay. During the great naval attack of 18 March 1915, his mines sank the Bouvet and the Irresistible and severely damaged the Inflexible. The Gallipoli Landing was the result.
    Read more about the Nusret...

  • Submarines at Gallipoli

    The story of submarines in the Dardanelles

    At 2.30 am on 25 April 1915, as the Anzacs approached the west coast of Gallipoli in the British invasion fleet, Australian submarine AE2 travelled through minefields, strong currents and artillery fire up the Dardanelles to disrupt Turkish sea communication. View an animation of the journey.
    Explore the journey of the AE2...

  • Anzac Day at Gallipoli

    Information about Anzac Day Services at Gallipoli

    The largest Anzac Day commemoration outside Australia is held at Gallipoli on 25 April. Each year Australia and New Zealand conduct three commemorative services at Gallipoli: a joint Dawn Service at the Anzac Commemorative Site, followed by an Australian Memorial Service at Lone Pine, and a New Zealand Memorial Service at Chunuk Bair.
    Find out about Anzac Day at Gallipoli...

  • Evacuation: planning, subterfuge and pure luck

    Leaving Gallipoli and Remembering Anzac feature

    The evacuation, although a retreat, is remembered as a highly successful operation that through planning, subterfuge and pure luck, many lives were saved from what could have been a slaughter. 26,000 men were withdrawn without incident over two nights on 18-19 and 19-20 December 1915. Many men record great sadness at leaving fallen friends behind.
    Read about the Gallipoli evacuation...

  • The Gallipoli story in ten pictures

    The North Beach Commemorative Site feature

    The Anzac Commemorative site, 300 metres north of Ari Burnu at North Beach, has ten large panels that tell the story. View these panels and read the text in English or Turkish. The historian who designed the panels explains why he chose these particular images to tell the Gallipoli story to visitors.
    View the commemorative panels...

  • North Beach: the other Anzac Cove

    The North Beach and Sari Bair Range feature

    For most Australians, the landing on 25 April 1915 is forever associated with a short stretch of beach known as Anzac Cove. However, some of the first waves landed at North Beach beyond Ari Burnu point beneath the Sphinx, a weathered pinnacle from which the ground falls steeply away into narrow gullies. This is their story.
    Read about North Beach...

Teaching about Gallipoli

Overview of educational resources

From the moment war was declared, from a population of fewer than five million, approximately 50,000 Australians volunteered to fight and were sent to Gallipoli.

The events at Gallipoli, the subsequent development of the Anzac legend and the commemoration of Anzac Day form an important part of what it means to be an Australian. Why is this? How did these events come to mean what they do today?

On these pages and below, you will find a range of materials and suggestions that will enable teachers and students to explore Gallipoli and the Anzacs in their classrooms, including the Operation CLICK Resource kit.

A note on PDF accessibility

We strive to comply with W3C’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. For technical reasons, this website has some PDFs that may not be fully accessible using screen reader technology. If you cannot access these documents, please contact the department and tell us what you require.

See the Department of Veterans’ Affairs Accessibility statement.

From Gallipoli to Dili – The Spirit of Anzac

Study guide image: From Gallipoli to Dili

Published by the Australian Department of Veterans’ Affairs in 2001, this study guide offers teachers and students guidance in conducting an Anzac Day service, creative ideas for classroom activities in the lead up to Anzac Day, tips on how to contact a veteran to give a talk at your school and information about the Australian War Memorial's public programs. The classroom activities it contains were written by professional educators. They link with national and state curricula profiles and objectives.

Download: From Gallipoli to Dili the spirit of Anzac (PDF, 100 pages - 2.9MB)

The Anzac Story from the Interpretative Panels at the Anzac Commemorative Site at North Beach, Gallipoli Peninsula

Page from Interactive Panels brochure: Gallipoli 2000

Published by the Australian Department of Veterans’ Affairs in 2000 for the 85th anniversary of the Gallipoli landing, this brochure contains the images and text (in English only) of all of the Interpretative Panels at the Anzac Commemorative Site at North Beach. It has been modified to enable easy printing of two panels to a page. This text can also be read on this site, in both English and Turkish.

Download: The Anzac Story from the Interpretative Panels (PDF, 5 pages – 1.8MB)

Anzacs, The Pain and The Glory, A Study Guide by Peter Bowers

Published by the Australian Department of Veterans’ Affairs in 2000, this is an ideal project to link with local communities and local area historical studies. It provides an opportunity for students to investigate the meaning of Anzac for all Australians while linking it back to their own community. Using resources within their community they could develop their own understanding of this important event and the impact it had on Australia’s development.

Study guide image: Anzacs: the Pain and the Glory for Primary Schools

Download: the Primary school study guide (PDF, 267KB, 6 pages)

These activities are written for middle to upper primary, however with slight modification activities could be adapted to suit lower primary.

Study guide image: Anzacs - the Pain and the Glory for Secondary Schools

Download: the Secondary School tudy guide (PDF, 368KB, 5 pages)

The activities are written for lower secondary students and can easily be adapted for upper primary students.

Gallipoli and Australian Identity 1915–2000.

Study guide image: Time, Continuity and Change: Gallipoli and Australian Identity 1915-2000

Published by the Australian Department of Veterans’ Affairs and Ryebuck Media in 2000, this study guide was a part of Their Service—Our Heritage, a program to commemorate the place of Australian servicemen and servicewomen in Australia’s history. It contains useful classroom activities and resources for the discussion of the Anzac legend and the story of Gallipoli.

Download: Gallipoli and Australian Identity 1915–2000 (PDF, 17 pages – 2.8MB)

A 'duty clear before us' – North Beach and the Sari Bair Range. researched and written by Richard Reid.

Book Cover: A Duty Clear Before Us with painting 'Anzac the Landing

The year 2000 marked a new chapter in the Australian commemoration of Anzac Day at Gallipoli, as a new commemorative site was dedicated in the shadow of the Sphinx on North Beach, where many of the original Anzacs struggled ashore on the morning of 25 April, 85 years ago.

This is a PDF of the original printed version of the online book A ‘duty clear before us’ – North Beach and the Sari Bair Range which appears on this site.

Download: A 'duty clear before us' (PDF, 95 pages – 7.6MB)
Download: A 'duty clear before us' book cover (PDF, 240k, 2 pages, 300dpi)