The complete text of the book: A Duty Clear Before Us, researched and written by Dr Richard Reid.
For Australians and New Zealanders, the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 is forever associated with a short stretch of beach known as Anzac Cove. The cove was part of the small portion of the Gallipoli peninsula captured that day by the men of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corpsthe Anzacsand held until the evacuation in December 1915. Australias official war historian, Charles Bean, would later describe this small area as Old Anzac. The sites of Old Anzac have ever been sacred to Australians and New Zealanders for their associations with events such as the Landing, the Battle of Lone Pine and the charge at The Nek. But, as the term Old Anzac suggests, there was more to the whole Anzac position on Gallipoli than the few square kilometres of Turkey seized on 25 April.
Approaching Anzac Cove from the sea, an arresting sight is the amphitheatre of coastline and escarpment immediately to the north. Beyond Ari Burnu point, at the northern end of the cove, North Beach and then Ocean Beach sweep away in a great semi-circle towards the lowlands of Suvla Bay. Bordering this coastline, precipitous and sparsely vegetated spurs run down to the sea from a range of high hills which terminates at Kocacimentepethe hill of the great pasture. At North Beach, the eye is drawn to a spectacular natural feature. This is the Sphinx, a worn and weathered pinnacle from which the ground falls steeply away into narrow gullies. To the Turks, the Sphinx was Yuksek Tepe, High Hill, and its steep slopes Sari Bair, Yellow Slope. In Australian, New Zealand and British accounts of the Gallipoli campaign, the high hills leading to Kocacimentepe were known as the Sari Bair Range and Kocacimentepe as Hill 971.
On 25 April 1915, some of the first waves of Australians landed at North Beach beneath the Sphinx. Thus, North Beach was part of Old Anzac. However, in early August 1915, thousands of Australian, New Zealand, British and Indian troops marched from North Beach up the coast and into the hills in an attempt to seize the heights of the Sari Bair range. This great assault, together with the Australian attack on the Turkish positions at Lone Pine, was the start of the so-called August offensive. This resulted in a significant enlargement of the Anzac area, so that it now embraced a region along the coast and up the valleys of the Sari Bair Range to trench lines just short of the peaks.
What happened in 1915 in the rugged landscape leading to Kocacimentepe is as much part of the Gallipoli campaign as what happened at Old Anzac. This booklet tells that story.